GWADAR (Balochi and Urdu: گوادر) is a port city on the southwestern coast of Balochistan, Pakistan. The city is located on the shores of the Arabian Sea, approximately 700 kilometres to the west of Pakistan’s largest city, Karachi. GWADAR is near the border with Iran, and is located to the east of the Persian Gulf and opposite Oman.
In April 2015, Pakistan and China announced their intention to develop the $46 billion China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC),which in turn forms part of China’s ambitious One Belt, One Road. GWADAR features heavily in CPEC, and is also envisaged to be the link between the One Belt, One Road and Maritime Silk Road project.$1.153 billion worth of infrastructure projects will be invested into the city as part of CPEC,with the aim of linking northern Pakistan and western China to the deep water seaport.The city will also be the site of a floating liquefied natural gas facility that will be built as part of the larger $2.5 billion GWADAR-Nawabshah segment of the Iran–Pakistan gas pipeline project.In addition to investments directly under the aegis of CPEC in GWADAR city, the China Overseas Port Holding Company in June 2016 began construction on the $2 billion GWADAR Special Economic Zone,which is being modelled on the lines of the Special Economic Zones of China.In September 2016 the GWADAR Development Authority published a request for tenders for the preparation of expropriation and resettlement of Old Town GWADAR
GWADAR is situated on the southwestern Arabian Sea coast of Pakistan in GWADAR District of Balochistan province. Like Ormara further east, GWADAR is situated on a natural hammerhead-shaped peninsula forming two almost perfect, but naturally curved, semicircular bays on either side. The city is situated on a narrow and sandy 12 kilometer long isthmus which connects the Pakistani coast to rocky outcroppings in the Arabian sea known as the GWADAR Promentory, or Koh-e-Batil, which reach an altitude of 480 feet and extends seven miles east to west with a breadth of one mile.The 800 foot wide isthmus upon which GWADAR is located separates the two almost perfect semicircular bays from one another. The western bay is known as the Paddi Zirr, and is generally shallow with an average depth of 12 feet, and a maximum depth of 30 feet. To the east of the isthmus is the deepwater Demi Zirr harbor, where the GWADAR Port was built.
The area north of the city and GWADAR Promentory is flate and generally barren. The white clay Koh-e-Mehdi (also known as Jabal-e-Mehdi) is a notable exception, and rises sharply from the plans to the northeast of GWADAR. The Koh-e-Mehdi features a two discernible peaks, with a height of 1,360 and 1,375 feet, and is approximately 4 miles wide and features sharp cliffs that drop precipitously into the Arabian Sea.(Source: Wikipedia)